Nikolaevsky, Boris I. Some internal hinge cracking.
Forced Labor: USSR
Light tanning to text pages with light tanning and foxing to endpapers and text edges. Scraps, small bumps and dog ears to text pages edges. Marks and annotations to text pages. Softening to spine with light bleaching to spine, boards and edges. Light water marks to spine, boards and edges. A few marks, wear and bumps to spine ends, boards and edges. Slight lean to spine. Small bumps to corners with bumps to boards edges.
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Full text of "Slave Labor in Soviet Russia"
Condition: Acceptable. First edition. Photograph available on request.
Seller Inventory mon More information about this seller Contact this seller 2. First Edition. Orange cloth with black lettering. Pages remain bright with light foxing to text block edges and within, noticeable creasing included. Pen inscription to the ffep. Binding is firm with moderate corner bumping and staining around edges of boards. Spine is tanned with light shelf wear and staining. Seller Inventory DPB.
More information about this seller Contact this seller 3. Condition: Fair. Dust Jacket Condition: Poor. Before publishing the book, its compilers sent the manuscript to a group of "celebrated intellectuals". Their responses, which follow, were published in it. Emigre periodicals regularly contained letters and stories about political trials and labor camps:. Even though the Gulag is commonly associated with Stalin's Russia and Siberia, numerous camps existed all around the Soviet Union and other Communist Countries.
13 Stomach-Churning Facts About Being Held Prisoner In The Soviet Gulags
Export of the forced labor system began as early as The first arrests and deportations took place in the Baltic countries even before they were incorporated into the USSR on August 3, After the reoccupation of the Baltic countries by the Soviet Union at the end of , the first labor camps were established there. By there were 41 camps in Estonia, 6 in Latvia, and 9 in Lithuania. Every assumption of power by communists was accompanied by mass arrests aimed primarily at the elimination of the opposition. Some prisoners were interned and others were assigned to forced labor. Location of labor camps in the USSR published by an American publishing house, based on Polish sources including: 14, afidavits, original lists, and documents collected by the army of General Anders.
Before the Revolution of the camp served as a labor camp and then was turned into an internment camp for revolutionaries. Item b] zoom Personal story reported by a Hungarian revolutionary about his arrest, interrogation and internment at the Kistarcsa camp, in Hungary [HU OSA Item No ] zoom The Soviet Union and other Communist countries denied the existence of forced labor within their borders, calling them instead "corrective" and "re-educational" camps.
In reality, these camps were used as a means of political coercion and punishment for those holding or expressing opposing political views. On the other hand, prisoners of these camps had significant economic importance in the planning and implementation of the economic development plans of all communist regimes. The prisoners were administratively assigned to those sectors of the state development plans where manpower was in short supply. After Stalin's death in several amnesties were granted in the communist countries of Eastern Europe.
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In the western press reported about strong indications that the whole labor camp system was undergoing revision. The internal forced labor systems had been greatly reduced and the remainder greatly modified, and numbers of the citizens of People's Democracies had been released from Soviet camps and returned home.
Conditions in these forced labor camps varied from fair to incredibly bad, many camps earned the reputation of being "death camps" because of hight mortality rates due to the amount of labot exacted, and the brutal conditions under which it was performed. Hunger, brutality, fear, and death were companions of the forced laborer. Sever, November December 30, Janos Rozsas became a soviet prisoner of war at 18 years of age, and spent nine years of his life as a political prisoner in various prisons and labor camps.
Long after he became well for his friendship with Alexander Solzhenitsin. The writer mentions him by name in the first volume of his book " The Gulag Archipelago ". This letter was written from the camp in Nikolaev with the help of a Moldavian fellow prisoner. Rozsas purchased the paper of the letter with half of his daily bread ration. May Researchers from abroad can obtain copies of archival materials by mail. For details please visit www. Letters from Russian Prisons. Violence was common among the camp inmates, who were made up of both hardened criminals and political prisoners.
In desperation, some stole food and other supplies from each other. Many workers died from exhaustion, while others were physically assaulted or shot by camp guards. Historians estimate that at least 10 percent of the total Gulag prison population was killed each year. Prisoners in the Gulag were given sentences, and if they survived the term, they were permitted to leave camp.
For example, family members of a suspected traitor would receive a minimum sentence of five to eight years of labor. If they worked extremely hard and surpassed their quotas, some prisoners qualified for early release. Within days, millions of prisoners were released. Some were restructured to serve as prisons for criminals, democratic activists and anti-Soviet nationalists during the s and s.
The true horrors of the Gulag system were revealed belatedly: Before the fall of the Soviet Union in , state archives were sealed. In , The Gulag Archipelago was published in the West by Russian historian and Gulag survivor Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn though only a few underground copies were available in the Soviet Union at the time. The influential book detailed the atrocities of the Gulag system and its impact on the lives of prisoners and their families.
Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in ; he was expelled from the Soviet Union in , but returned to Russia in Experts believe that without enough food and supplies, workers were unequipped to provide productive results. The dark history of the Gulag has left generations of Russians scarred and damaged. Even today, some survivors are still too fearful to discuss their experiences.
Work in the Gulag, Gulaghistory. Living in the Gulag, Gulaghistory. The Gulag, Library of Congress.
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